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美国华裔,好日子恐怕要到头了!

已有 678 次阅读2019-4-22 00:58 |个人分类:US|系统分类:转帖-时事政治经济

  https://youtu.be/MXiXhxPDnl8【编者按】这个演讲,可以说是美国历史上,有关亚裔美国人在美国的发展、未来、危机和潜在希望,最接地气,最切中要害的演讲之一。发人深思,值得都听一听。演讲人是2020年美国总统竞选候选人杨安泽(Andrew Yang),其相关介绍请参看前文《正视美国面临的巨大危机》。这是杨安泽在出席Yuan传媒主持的“亚裔美国人政治一瞥”活动时,做的演讲。



我在纽约州北部长大,然后去了一些你们去过的学校。我从没想过我会竞选总统。我当然不是一个疯狂的天天想着“有一天我会做总统”那样的一个人。因此,如果你们有谁认为我更异禀之类,那么其实我那时候就是在玩电子游戏,做着任何一个在纽约州北部的亚裔孩子做的事情。

现在我正在竞选总统,因我已经更深切了解了亚裔美国人在社会中的地位。令我担心的一个情况是,到2045年,这个国家将走向成为少数民族占多数。从现在开始算起,只有27年。在某些方面,这是个好事,随着国家变得更加多样化,这个国家将变得更加宽容。

你是否觉得这只是个数字问题?因为如果你的人数足够多,每个人都必须和谐相处?不幸的是,事情并非如此。

如果你看一下历史的例子,在人类历史上极少有占主导地位的种族群体主动放弃其主导地位。那样不是常态。因此,如果你看看这个国家现在正在发生的事情,你会发现越来越多丧失安全感的白人变得越来越敌对。真的。在接下来的10到20年里,谁将会成为美国社会眼中的庞大竞争对手?中国。

I grew up in upstate New York and then went tosome of the schools that you all went to. And I never imagined I'd be runningfor president. I was certainly not some crazy kid being like I'm gonna be president one day. So if any of you are thinking that like you're more advanced than I was like I was playing video games and just doing whatever Asian kids do in upstate New York. So now that I'm running for president like I've learned more about the Asian-American place in society. And one thing that scares the heck out of me is that this country is heading towards being coming majority minority by 2045. That's twenty seven years from now. And so there's a very happy notion in some quarters that. The country will just become more tolerantas it gets more diverse. Do you just figure that math will take care of it, because if you have enough people everyone will just have to get along? Unfortunately that is not really the way things play out. If you look athistorical examples. There are very very few examples in human history of adominant racial ethnic group giving up its dominance over time that actually isnot normal. That's not normal behavior. And so if you look at what's happening right now in this country you can see an increasingly insecure white majority becoming more and more hostile. Truly. And who is going to be the boogey man of the next 10 to 20 years who's going to be the great rival to the United States in theeyes of American society. China.

 那就对了。所以你认为随着时间的推移,那些正在失去工作的不安全的白人大多数,他们的态度会怎样随着时间而变化?对我们华裔美国人或亚裔美国人来说,我曾在哈佛大学说过,我们离像匹兹堡犹太教堂受袭击那样只差一代人的光景。或者就像几个月前说过的,因为冷战或者其他原因,发生美国人朝亚裔开枪的事,也可能只有一代的光景。我担心,我的孩子长大将要面临的巨大危险。

 我有两个儿子,一个六岁、一个三岁,他们是美国人,我也是美国人。亚裔美国人在历史上一直不是政治活跃的人群。投票参与水平低,政治捐款水平低,因此,占主导地位的政党并不关心亚裔美国人。他们根本不认为我们是一个非常重要的选区。他们认为我们如今仍然是次级重要的“ATM(提款机,这里指筹款)人群”。我们出来就是拍些照片,因为我们喜欢照相,然后赚点钱走人,然后很长一段时间不再关心。这就是我们现在在美国政治中的位置。

 这部分是因为我们住的地方。我们住在哪里?我们生活在像纽约和加利福尼亚这样的地方,坦白地说,我们的投票不会起到关键的分量,而且我们人数也不多。

That's right. And so what do you think the attitude is going to be over time for the shrinking insecure white majority that's losing their jobs. For let's say Chinese Americans or Asian-Americans. Idon't I'm like I personally I said to a group at Harvard I think we're one generation away from falling into the same camps as the Jews who were attacked in the synagogue in Pittsburgh. Like just a couple of months ago it's likewe're probably one generation away from American shooting up a bunch of Asians saying like you know damn the Chinese because there's a giant Cold War or even more with China. That is the great danger that I fear that my children aregoing to grow up in. I have two young boys 6 and 3. They're American I'm American. And Asian-Americans historically have not been highly politically active or energized Asian-Americans vote at lower levels. They donate at lower levels. And because of this the dominant political parties do not care about Asian-Americans. They do not regard us as a very important constituency at all. They regard us as a low level A.T.M. Well they'll show up take some pictures because we love pictures. Get some money, leave and then not have to care about it for quite some time. That is our place in American politics right now. And this is partially because of where we live. Where do we live?  We live in like New York and California and places where frankly our votes are not going to tip anything. And there aren't so many of us.

如果亚裔美国人都住在爱荷华州,我告诉你们,我们会是一个非常重要的投票板块。你知道吗,因为我将在下周第七次去爱荷华州,因为要在这个阶段,你需要赢得爱荷华州才能有戏当选。但是每个人都知道,在纽约,亚裔美国人就会是这样的态度:投票无所谓,我们不投票,我们不参加。还有一种观念是认为我们没有领导力,我们不是领导者。这就是我逐渐发现的。

 这不是我竞选总统的最初目的,但我们需要非常迅速地改变这一点,因为如果我们坐着认为,“嘿,美国将保持稳定、并组织和奖励努力工作的人,我们将安心赚钱并享受美好时光,而不是我们必须关心门外发生的事情”,这种态度很快就不行了。

 过上五年、十年,很不幸,这种态度就不够用了。我们必须开始非常积极参与,并向所有其他人展示我们可以解决问题。我们有自己的愿景,我们有自己的领导力。因此,当我与亚裔美国人群体交谈时,有些人觉得,我竞选总统的有点莽撞之类、有点不按牌理出牌,部分是因为我不是从参议员或州长或者其他一些民选官职开始。

 I'll tell you guys if Asian Americans all lived in Iowa. We will be a very important voting bloc indeed. You know because I'm going to Iowa next week for the seventh time because in order to become president at this stage you need to win Iowa. But everyone knows that Asian-Americans by the time you get to New York like the votes don't don't matter and we don't vote we don't participate. And there's a notion that we don't lead. You know that we're not leaders. So. That is what I've discovered over this time. Thiswas not my initial purpose in running for president but we need to change that very very quickly because if we sit back and think hey America will stay stable and organize and reward hard work and we'll make money and have a good time and not have to care about what happens outside of our doors. That attitude is going to stop working pretty quickly. Next five to 10 years unfortunately. Sowe need to start getting very very engaged and active and show the rest of thecountry that we can solve problems. We have our own vision we have our own leadership. And so some of the things that I talk about when I talk toAsian-American groups some people find the fact that I'm running for president to be you know a little bit audacious or something like out of the natural order, let's say. And part of it is that well you know I haven't been a senatoror governor. Or some other elected official.

 但我有许多朋友支持江俊辉竞选加州州长。我向亚裔美国人建议过的一件事,我今晚要向大家再次建议。如果我们等待机会轮到我们,我们永远也等不到。永远不会有人看看说,哦,现在是轮到亚裔当美国参议员或州长的时候了,或者竞选总统并成为总统。根本不是这样的,永远不会发生这样的情形。

 我们能够在领导地位占有一席之地的唯一方法,就是登上五月份的民主党初选辩论台。我们只有站出来说,我们对这个国家有一个愿景,就像其他人的愿景一样强大、一样重要。这是首要的根本。第二点是,我们在下一个周期中在政治上获得巨大的机会。

 刚才说,各方都不关心亚裔美国选民,因为他们一般都不关心政治。但在这个周期中,加州的初选投票顺序有了提升,这次加州是第五个投票站。前四名是爱荷华、新罕布什尔、内华达和南卡。这一次加州轮到第五,所以很多人作为民主党的竞选候选人,大概20到25个,包括我自己在内,等到来到加州时,将仍然分不出胜负。

 But I have many friends who back John Chung for governor of California. And one thing I suggest to Asian-Americans I'm going to suggest to you all tonight. If we wait for it to be our turn. It will never be our turn. There is never going to be a point when someone looks overand says Oh. It's time for that Asian-American senator or governor. To run forpresident and be president. That's not the way this works at all. Like we will never get there. The only way that we're going to actually have a seat at that leadership table or in this case on the debate stages of the Democratic primaries next May. The only way we get there is if we step up and say we havea vision for this country and it is just as powerful just as important as anyoneelse's vision. Only when we get there. Number two is that we've been gifted amassive opportunity politically in this next cycle. So I just finished saying that the parties do not care about Asian-American voters because they generally do not. But in this cycle California moved its primary vote up by a bit morethan a month. And so this time California votes fifth. The first state is Iowathe second state is New Hampshire the third state is Nevada. The fourth state is South Carolina. And in this time the fifth state is California. So you're going to have a lot of people running for president as a Democrat probably 20 to 25 including me. And it is not going to be resolved by the time they get to California.

 所以这次亚裔美国人投票的方式,实际上可能决定了美国的面貌。这是几十年来头一遭。我印象中前所未有。所以这是一个机会,让我们站起来说话,让我们的声音变得重要。

第三件事,也许是最重要的事情——在座有多少父母?——话说起来有点让人不舒服,但是你们当中有多少人有这样的感觉:亚裔美国人可以在美国获得成功、但我们很难“太”成功?至少有些人相信这一点。这里有一些真实的信息。我曾见过这个国家的领导人,奥巴马总统、克林顿总统和布什总统,就像你们也认识十几位参议员和州长一样。当你花时间与他们在一起时,你会发现他们并不比我们特别到哪里去。我向你保证。

 So this time the way Asian-Americans votemight actually determine who the present United States is. First time indecades. First time certainly I can remember. So this is an opportunity for us to stand up and say what we think actually matters this time. And the third thing and maybe the most important thing that so many of you -- how many of you are parents? I sense there is at least some parents in the room. Now that is a little uncomfortable. But how many of you have the sense that Asian-Americansare allowed to become this successful in the U.S. but we are not allowed to become this successful. At least some of you believe that. I mean there's a real message you get that that's the case. And I have been with the leaders ofthis country I've been with President Obama and President Clinton and President Bush and like you know a dozen senators and governors. And one of the things you learn when you spend time with them is that they are certainly no better than we are. I guarantee you guys that.

 我们都跟他们一样聪明,一样努力,一样创新,一样爱国,像任何其他美国人一样充满爱心。我将在2021年担任总统职位的路上展现所有这些。当然前提是在2020年获胜,然后在2021年宣誓就职。我想讲的一个关于亚裔美国人的笑话是,我们要把白宫变成金宫。总之,非常感谢你们,很高兴见到在政治上特别关注社区的人们来到这里。非常感谢你们。

  That we are every bit as smart. Certainly every bit as hardworking. Every bit as innovative. Every bit as patriotic and every bit as loving as any other American. And that is what I'm going todemonstrate on the path of the presidency in 2021. Well that's when you get sworn in. You win in 2020. They get sworn in in 2021. And one joke I like totell about Asian-Americans is that we're going to make the White House the gold house. So. So thank you all very, very much we'd love to take some questions but feel really glad to be here with people who are definitely exceptionally politically engaged in this community. So thank you all very much.

陌上美国 微信号 : treeinthehouse



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